The old village
|Population||1,204 (2011 Census)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Police||Hampshire and Isle of Wight|
|Fire||Hampshire and Isle of Wight|
Chilworth is a village in the Test Valley district of Hampshire, England, on the northern edge of Southampton. Good travel connections and restricted development have led to the village becoming particularly affluent. The village was referred to as Celeworda in the Domesday Book of 1086, and is now in two parts: modern Chilworth lying along the straight 'new' stretch of the Southampton to Romsey road, and old Chilworth built around the 'old' road.
Chil is an aspirate mutation of the Common Brittonic noun cil meaning "angle or corner" and having the implication of "boundary". The suffix worth is the Middle English cognate of the proto-Germanic warō meaning "those that care for, watch, guard, protect, or defend".[a] The name literally translates as two nouns: "boundary-guards."
Chilworth Old Village
Chilworth Old Village, at the west end, consists of former farm workers' thatched cottages interspersed with modern houses and bungalows built in the 1950s. The Anglican Church of St Denys, which lies on the edge of the Old Village, was rebuilt in 1812 and is noted for its old bells which date from about the year 1200. Chilworth Old Village was designated a conservation area on 1 November 1989. Most of the buildings from the 16th century are situated in the Chilworth Old Village Conservation Area. The exceptions are Manor Farm and the Beehives, the latter of which are the lodges to Chilworth Manor Hotel.
University of Southampton Science Park
Chilworth is home to the University of Southampton Science Park, formerly known as the Chilworth Science Park. Construction started in 1984 with the first buildings finished in 1986. It houses the main satellite uplink earth station of Sky UK (formerly known as BSkyB, British Sky Broadcasting and BSB, British Satellite Broadcasting). This facility uplinks signals (both Sky and some third party) to the Astra satellites at 28.2° east.
There is a small public house on the main road through the village called The Chilworth Arms (formerly The Clump). The original name of the pub, 'The Clump' comes from an old earthwork. Chilworth has a village hall and football field near the pub and there is a kennel and cattery in Chilworth Common, one of the local wooded areas. The thatched post office building was originally built as a kennel for the local hounds before being handed over to the village in 1900. Now both the Post Office and the convenience store are closed.
Since the early 1960s, there has been a Village Hall, situated on the edge of the Village Green behind what is now the Chilworth Arms. Administered by a charitable trust, the Hall is available to the residents of Chilworth and the immediately surrounding vicinity, for meetings, events and many other forms of recreation and leisure-time occupation, with the object of generating and improving a local community spirit. The Hall has a microsite on the Village's website where more details may be found, including availability and how to book.
Chilworth Manor was a mansion house on the Chilworth Estate. John Willis Fleming rebuilt the house in 1904. The Flemings sold Chilworth Manor in 1947. In 1967 it was sold by Catherine Ann Young, wife of British entrepreneur Jock Young (CEO of "Unity Heating"), to Southampton University and converted into a hall of residence. In 1990 it was developed into a conference and training centre. In 2001, AHM, a specialist management company, acquired the property. It is now a 97 bedroom hotel, conference and event venue run by Best Western.
Richard Cockle Lucas (1800–1883), the sculptor, lived in Chilworth from 1854 onwards, originally at "The Tower of the Winds" (which stood opposite the former "Clump Inn"), and later at the nearby "Chilworth Tower".
Village design statement
In February 2006 the Test Valley Borough Council issued a Village Design Statement for Chilworth to foster a vibrant community and preserve Chilworth's very special characteristics: its woodland, architecture and village environment.
- Anglo-Saxon scribes added two consonants to the Latin alphabet to render th sounds: first the runic thorn (þ), and later eth (ð). However, the word is waru in Old English, Old Frisian and Old Saxon and did not natively go through this process. Instead it appears that the later Anglo-Saxons encountered the proto-Germanic form of the word - perhaps in the Proto-Norse language prior to the formation of Old Norse - implying Germanic settlement at Chilworth from Scandinavia in the fifth century.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
- Chilworth Archived 13 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine www.testvalley.gov.uk
- https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/aspirate_mutation Dictionary
- THE HISTORY OF ST DENYS CHURCH Archived 2 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine http://www.southernlife.org.uk
- History and important buildings Archived 13 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine http://www.testvalley.gov.uk
- O’Brien, Charles; Bailey, Bruce; Pevsner, Nikolaus; Lloyd, David W. (2018). The Buildings of England Hampshire: South. Yale University Press. p. 202. ISBN 9780300225037.
- Chilworth Manor House Willis Fleming Historical Trust
- Chilworth Canvas Archived 13 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine http://www.testvalley.gov.uk
- Chilworth Manor History Archived 2 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine http://www.chilworth-manor.co.uk
- "Home". Chilworth Manor. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
- James Beattie has put his Chilworth home up for sale. International celebrity Max Taylor is another notable resident of the village. Archived 14 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Hampshire Society December 2005
- "Chilworth Old Village – Conservation Policy" (PDF). Test Valley Borough Council. 1 November 1989. p. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- Millington, Peter (10 December 2008). "The Lucas Family and Chilworth". A Painting of Mummers at Chilworth. www.mastermummers.org. Retrieved 14 December 2010.
- Village Design Statement – Chilworth Archived 13 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine Test Valley
- Website for Chilworth, Hampshire
- Southampton Science Park
- St Denys' Chilworth
- Map of the Manor of Chilworth in the County of Southampton belonging to Peter Serle Esq., 1755
- The Chilworth Arms
- Listed Buildings in Chilworth Test Valley
- British History Online – Chilworth
- History and Evolution – Chilworth Test Valley